OSP Expert: Don McCarty

Maintaining the copper infrastructure coverage until it is replaced by fiber

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The PSTN, or POTS, network may be at the end of its life, but the copper infrastructure properly maintained continues to generate revenue from special access circuits to homes and businesses for years to come. In 2015, the FCC released new data claiming that there was over $40 billion in broadband and data service revenues known as special access. The majority of special access service is still mostly copper-based services, and that revenue-generating copper infrastructure is paid for. To date, only 25% of the homes and businesses in the US are fiber-served. Fiber is deployed as fast as it is…

Placing G.fast vs. FTTH in Brownfield Construction

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Many Telcos are now comparing the cost of placing fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) vs. G.fast in brownfield construction. FTTH is common in greenfield construction. Placing fiber in subdivisions that are already served with paired copper networks, both aerial and buried, is an arduous task and it is extremely expensive. G.fast is, for most, a viable, less expensive alternative. G.fast is a digital subscriber line (DSL) protocol standard for local copper loops shorter than 1,600 feet (500 meters) offering speeds over 100 megabits. G.fast uses fiber to existing buried pedestals or aerial terminals, and then uses existing copper to the residence, and uses existing…

Oops! Sometimes We Don’t Know the Best Answer

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We post our phone numbers at the end of every column, and we train hundreds of technicians. Therefore, we also get hundreds of calls each year asking for our help in resolving a tough case of trouble. While we often, even usually, help find the cause of the trouble, we aren’t right all the time. Following are some cases where we got it wrong. Hi Don, It has been a long time since I have” bothered” you. My 72-year-old brain is letting me down. A technical issue has come up where when we cross-connect a POTS line to a cable…

Returning to Earth

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By Vernon May Don and I have brought another of our disagreements to conclusion. He has always insisted that the power lines impact broadband service. My position has been that the pure harmonics of 60 Hz have so little power at the DSL frequency range that they have no impact. When compared to the background noise levels from pair-to-pair crosstalk within the binder groups, it’s next to nothing. In this case, we were both right — kind of. As we discussed what Don saw in the field and what I saw in the field, some factors previously not considered came…

Updates on “5 Questions About Fiber Optic Bonding, Grounding, and Locating”

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From the September 2016 OSP Expert Column Our September 2016 OSP Expert column on fiber optic cable bonding and grounding, co-written by Vernon May and me (mostly Vernon’s work), caused quite a stir. The responses to the 5 questions have ranged from “finally, somebody asked these questions” to “you guys are going to get somebody killed”. (You can read this column again at http://www.isemag.com/2016/09/5-questions-about-fiber-optic-bonding-grounding-and-locating/.) Given the responses, Vernon offered to address this topic again. Here are his thoughts. September 2016 Column Summary Don and I received a question from a reader early in 2016. His position was that he completely…

Answers to the questions posed in last month’s column

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Last month Vernon May and I decided to pose a few good questions on the use of the copper infrastructure to provide quality service to your customers. If you missed that column, take a look back before reading the answers below. How well did you do? COPPER INFRASTRUCTURE QUESTIONS QUESTION 1. When testing the cable pair, the digital multi-meter shows a 150 k ohm Ring ground. Using the resistance bridge feature set to 24-gauge on the technician’s multi-functional test set shows a distance to the fault of 700 feet. The cable map shows 300 feet of 24-gauge cable to a…

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