João Alves is Principal Scientist and Project Leader, NATO Centre for Maritime Research and Experimentation (CMRE). He has more than 20 years of experience in undersea technology, and has been working as a scientist at CMRE for 8 years. Located in La Spezia, Italy, CMRE organizes and conducts scientific research and technology development, centered on the maritime domain, delivering innovative and field-tested Science & Technology (S&T) solutions to address defense and security needs of NATO. CMRE is an executive body of NATO’s Science and Technology Organization (STO) (https://www.sto.nato.int/). For more information, please email [email protected] or visit http://www.cmre.nato.int/.